Taking over the business from the family patriarch or matriarch is challenging. Especially if the previous head was more autocratic than empowering. Especially if the new leader has not had time to prove himself or herself. Especially if the change is sudden. Especially if the business is in trouble. Especially if the family business is a country. So, it’s fair to assume that Kim Jong Un will face some challenges in taking over Kim Jong II’s place.
- Others will comment on whether or not it is in anyone’s best interest for Kim Jong Un to be successful. I’m going to focus on his transition as an acid test of dealing with supporters, detractors and watchers.
Supporters are the people that share your vision and see that there’s more to gain by going forward with the new leader than by holding on to the past. Detractors are the people who are comfortable with the status quo and think they have more to lose in giving up the current state than they have to gain in supporting a risky change. Watchers are the people that are on the fence, generally the silent majority.
They are always there in a leadership transition and their influence is even more complex in a transition within a family business. It’s never easy to turn detractors into supporters. Trying to do so is the wrong approach. A better approach is to move everyone one step. Turn the detractors into watchers or get them out of the way. Turn some of the watchers into supporters. Turn some of the supporters into champions. If a leader can do that, the balance of power shifts and progress is made.
Start here. This is a pull strategy, not a push strategy. Find the most willing and able supporters and enroll them. Give them more responsibility. Give them more status. Give them projects they can move forward. Set them up as beacons of success for others to follow. These will be the most rewarding moves you can make – for them, for you, for everyone. Invest in your strengths. Feed what’s working.
I have no idea who Kim Jong Un’s real supporters are. The problem is that Kim Jong Un probably doesn’t either. There will be many that proclaim their support. There will be some that mean it. His chances of success will be greatly enhanced if he can tell the difference. Additionally, he should reach outside of the most accessible circle to find other people that will support him and bring them closer to him. He needs real allies – badly.
Every single legacy, long-serving CEO that has addressed CEO Connection’s CEO Boot Camps since 2005 has said in one way or another that he or she wishes she had moved faster on the people. This is an even bigger issue in a family business because of all the family ties. It’s not just the people with the same last name. It’s the people that married into the family. It’s the friends of the family. It’s the loyal supporters of the family. Family businesses tend to reward loyalty and close ties. And all sorts of people have all sorts of back channel ways of getting their message to the people with real power – whether or not they actually show up in the office.
But a new leader must neutralize the overt and covert detractors before they undo him or her. Some can be persuaded to give the new leader a chance to prove himself or herself. Some can be moved to positions where they can do less damage. Some need to go away. It is critical to time these moves right. Too fast and the other detractors will gang up on the new leader. Too slow and things will get out of control.
The odds are that Kim Jong Un will move very decisively on his detractors. We may never know how he makes them go away. We will know if he doesn’t move fast enough. And we’ll know that very soon.
Not all watchers are the same. Some watchers are leaning towards becoming supporters. Some are leaning towards becoming detractors. All will be influenced by what they see. Hence the term “watchers.”
The key here is to identify the watchers you can’t see. In a family business this includes all the people behind the scenes like lawyers, accountants, bankers – both those serving the business and those serving family members.
You must identify them. You must track them. You must know how they move. If more switch to supporters over time, you win. If more switch to detractors over time, you lose.
There is an international community watching Kim Jong Un. A large piece of how successful he is going to be depends on how the people watching from China feel. Again, I suspect we’ll learn about that relatively soon.
Advice for people taking over family businesses (that aren’t countries)
It’s important to map and move the stakeholders one step at a time in any new leadership role:
– turn supporters into champions
– turn watchers into supporters
– turn detractors into watchers or get them out of the way
In taking over a family business, you must map beyond what you can easily see and choose your timing very carefully.
A 28-year-old with almost no experience suddenly taking over a country in desperate trouble that’s been run by a despot has no margin for error.
This is a good example of step 2 of The New Leader’s Playbook: Engage the Culture and Your New Colleagues in the Right Context
Be careful about how you engage with the organization’s existing business context and culture. Crossing the need for change based on the context and the cultural readiness for change can help you decide whether to Assimilate, Converge and Evolve (fast or slow), or Shock.
If Kim Jong Un doesn’t get this right, the rest of the steps are irrelevant.